Climate Change is one of the biggest challenges we as a species face today and unless we drastically change the way we live, eat and manage our precious resources, the future is looking bleak.
One of the biggest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions, which affect Climate Change, is industrial farming. 13% of the emissions come from farming alone, not accounting for the impact the rest of the supply chains have on taking produce from field to our forks. Conversely it is also one of the sectors most affected by Climate Change. Rising temperatures, water scarcity and soil degradation to name a few.
Thus far, most efforts have been focused on addressing the outcomes of climate change rather than the cause. For example, focusing on how to capture methane gas, rather than producing less of it and creating even more efficiency in production, rather than increasing the quality over the quantity.
We have to change the way we farm if we are going to have any impact on the trajectory of Climate Change and this is where Biodynamics has a huge contribution to make. Below is a brief overview of the problems created by industrial farming and how Biodynamic farming could counter this.
|Industrial Farming||Biodynamic Farming|
|Carbon dioxide release||Sequesters carbon in soil|
|Reduction in land infertility||Increases soil fertility over time|
|Increase in pests and insects (pest resistance due to overuse of pesticide)||prevention strategies based on good plant and animal nutrition, careful cultivar selection
|Increased methane production||Less methane production|
|Lack of water retention in soil||Retains significantly more water due to sponge like property of organic matter|
|Polluting water systems with nitrate fertilisers||Use of external and chemical fertilisers and pesticides are not allowed|
|Deforestation to increase farm land||Re-generating depleted soil to increase carbon capture & productivity of existing farmland|
|Use of raw slurry releases green house gasses||Composting of farm manure retains emissions and builds fertility|
|Monoculture depletes biodiversity||Biodynamics increases and respects biodiversity|
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